Cloud Quantum Computing Systems: Systematic Review – TechyPapa – 2024

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Cloud based Quantum Computing Systems

The basic idea behind cloud-based quantum computing systems is to make a computer system that works on the principles of quantum mechanics to solve problems.

Here’s some detail:

  • Regular computers use bits to process information which can be either 0 or 1.
  • But Quantum computers use qubits. Qubits can be 0, 1, or both at the same time (quantum physics is weird! right?). This lets them tackle certain problems much faster than classical computers.

Building and maintaining these quantum computers is expensive and complex. Cloud based quantum computing helps by making these resources available over the internet. It is similar to how cloud storage works for your files.

Somethings that come with cloud-based quantum computing:

  • Accessibility: You don’t need to buy or maintain the physical hardware yourself to access and use quantum computing power.
  • Scalability: Cloud providers can easily adjust their resources to meet user demands.
  • Variety: For your specific needs you can choose from different types of quantum computer systems which are called qubit modalities.

Cloud-based Quantum Computing Services

Cloud based quantum computing services give you access to powerful quantum computers through the internet. It is similar to how you access your email or Netflix. Here is some detail:

Traditional vs. Cloud Quantum Computing:

  • Traditional: Owning a physical quantum computer is like buying and maintaining a super expensive machine. Even when you don’t want to use it very often. 
  • Cloud based: Cloud services offer an easy approach. You get a quantum computer on rent. It’s just like renting computing power on Amazon Web Services or Microsoft Azure. 

Advantages of Cloud Quantum Computing Services:

  • Cost effectiveness: Renting access is a lot cheaper than owning and maintaining a quantum computer.
  • Easy Access: It is possible for anyone with an internet connection to use this powerful technology.
  • Ability To Scale: You only pay for what you use because cloud providers can easily adjust their resources based on demand.
  • Variety: Some services offer access to multiple types of quantum computers (different qubit technologies) for specific tasks.

What Cloud Quantum Computing Services Offer:

  • Quantum Hardware Access: Run your algorithms on actual quantum computers.
  • Quantum Simulators and Emulators: Test and develop your programs on simulated quantum systems before running them on real hardware.
  • Development Tools: Cloud platforms often provide software tools and libraries specifically designed for quantum computing.

Examples of Cloud Quantum Computing Services:

  • IBM Quantum Experience
  • Microsoft Azure Quantum
  • Google Quantum AI
  • Quantinuum
  • Amazon Braket

Free Cloud Based Quantum Computing Software

Free cloud-based quantum computing softwares are the platforms that let you use quantum computing without using expensive physical hardware.

Here is more detail:

  • Cloud based: These are the software and resources that you can access over the internet without the need to install them locally.
  • Free access: These platforms often provide services to :
    • Simulate quantum circuits: Replicate the behavior of quantum systems on classical computers for learning and development purposes.
    • Run small-scale computations: Allow users to experiment with basic quantum algorithms and explore the potential of the technology.

Important point:

  • Limited capabilities: Free plans typically come with restrictions. Real-world applications often require extensive quantum processing power, which might not be available for free.
  • Focus on learning and development: These platforms are primarily intended for educational purposes or familiarizing users with the concepts of quantum computing.

Also Read: Threat Vector vs Attack Vector: 3 Key Differences

Cloud Based Quantum Computing Developer Tools

Cloud-based quantum computing developer tools provide a virtualized environment for programmers to build and test applications harnessing the power of quantum computers. 

Here is some more detail:

  • Cloud access: These tools reside on remote servers, accessible over the internet. This eliminates the need for users to own or directly manage the complex quantum hardware.
  • Development functionalities: They offer a range of features designed for quantum application development, including:
    • Quantum programming languages: Specialized languages like Qiskit (IBM), Cirq (Google), and Q# (Microsoft) tailored for manipulating qubits (quantum bits).
    • Quantum circuit building tools: Graphical interfaces or software development kits (SDKs) to construct and visualize the sequence of operations on qubits.
    • Simulators: Simulate quantum computer behavior on classical machines, enabling developers to test and debug their code before deploying it on real hardware.
    • Limited access to real quantum devices: Certain platforms might offer restricted free usage of actual quantum processors for running small-scale computations.

Benefits of cloud-based tools:

  • Cost effectiveness: Bypassing the immense costs associated with acquiring and maintaining quantum hardware.
  • Ability to scale: Cloud platforms offer on-demand access to varying levels of computational resources based on project requirements.
  • Collaboration: Enable multiple developers to work on projects simultaneously through a shared virtual environment.


Imagine super-powered computers solving complex problems much faster. That’s the potential of cloud-based quantum computing.

Instead of owning expensive hardware, you access these special computers through the internet, similar to cloud storage for your files. This offers:

  • Easy access: Anyone with an internet connection can tap into this powerful technology.
  • Lower costs: Renting access is cheaper than buying and maintaining the hardware yourself.
  • Flexibility: You only pay for what you use, with options for different types of quantum computing power.

Think of it like renting a supercomputer instead of buying one. This makes quantum technology more accessible for individuals and businesses to explore its potential in various fields.


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